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Category: Publikasi Ilmiah

ODHA, MASALAH SOSIAL DAN PEMECAHANNYA

ARGYO DEMARTOTO

Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik dan

Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

ABSTRACT

The number of people with HIV/AIDS (ODHA) is increasing. HIV / AIDS do not only attack the higer risk group, but olso woman and infants. In daily life, the ODHA face so many social problems, such as stigmatization, being discriminated, and being expelled by their own family, friends, neighbours, work environtment, wide communities, and also journalist. This is caused by the misunderstanding and the lack of knowledge and information of the society about HIV / AIDS. In resolving this social problems, it needs to change the society’s perception upon the ODHA, the commitment of the government politicians for the sake of ODHA, increase the participation and the roles of ODHA in preventing and dealing HIV/AIDS, give support and services for the ODHA at the time of testing, profiding medicines, the etchical and indiscriminative treatment, opportunistic diseases treatment , non medical theraphy, establish a support group of colleague and a humanist journalist and others who are aware of the fundamental right of the ODHA.

Peran Lembaga Lokal dalam Membantu Melancarkan (Menghambat) Program Keluarga Berencana di Indonesia

Vincent Hadi Wiyono

Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Sebelas Maret  Surakarta

Abstract

This article shows broadly how the Goverment of Indonesian adopted an institution approach to succeed its National Family Planning Program during The New Order era . With a good coordination and supported by reliable resources - political, human, and financial, the BKKBN had help reduce the fertility rate of the country from around 5.6 in 1975 to 2.4 in 2005. However, the recent data shows that the rate of fertility of country had increased, owing to the relaxation of institution responsible for this program. This indicates that the transition of Family Planning implementation from program to movement had been less successful as claimed by the BKKBN.

Jurnal Penduduk dan Pembangunan

Jurnal Penduduk dan Pembangunan (JPP) merupakan jurnal profesional untuk mengkomunikasikan hasil kajian berbagai aspek pembangunan yang berkaitan dengan variabel kependudukan , khususnya aspek kuantitas, kualitas, dan persebarannya. Ia berasal dari dan diperuntukkan bagi para peneliti maupun praktisi di pemerintahan, bisnis, lembaga swadaya masyarakat, universitas maupun institusi riset dan pengembangan.

JPP diterbitkan pertama kali pada Juni 1995 dengan nama “POPULACE”, dengan nomor ISSN 0854 2120. Karena berbagai pertimbangan mulai tahun 2001 ia berganti nama menjadi “Jurnal PENDUDUK & PEMBANGUNAN”, dengan nomor ISSN 1412 1581, mulai bulan Nopember 2004 telah terakreditasi berdasarkan SK Dirjen Dikti-Depdiknas-RI Nomor 39/DIKTI/Kep/2004

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